### 4. Singularities, interfaces and cracks in dissimilar anisotropic media

Z. Suo, Singularities, interfaces and cracks in dissimilar anisotropic media. Proceedings of Royal Society of London A427, 331-358 (1990).

For a non-pathological bimaterial in which an interface crack displays no oscillatory behaviour, it is observed that, apart possibly from the stress intensity factors, the structure of the near-tip field in each of the two blocks is independent of the elastic moduli of the other block. Collinear interface cracks are analysed under this non-oscillatory condition, and a simple rule is formulated that allows one to construct the complete solutions from mode III solutions in an isotropic, homogeneous medium. The general interfacial crack-tip field is found to consist of a two-dimensional oscillatory singularity and a one-dimensional square root singularity. A complex and a real stress intensity factors are proposed to scale the two singularities respectively. Owing to anisotropy, a peculiar fact is that the complex stress intensity factor scaling the oscillatory fields, however defined, does not recover the classical stress intensity factors as the bimaterial degenerates to be non-pathological. Collinear crack problems are also formulated in this context, and a strikingly simple mathematical structure is identified. Interactive solutions for singularity-interface and singularity-interface-crack are obtained. The general results are specialized to decoupled antiplane and in-plane deformations. For this important case, it is found that if a material pair is non-pathological for one set of relative orientations of the interface and the two solids, it is non-pathological for any set of orientations. For bonded orthotropic materials, an intuitive choice of the principal measures of elastic anisotropy and dissimilarity is rationalized. A complex-variable representation is presented for a class of degenerate orthotropic materials. Throughout the paper, the equivalence of the Lekhnitskii and Stroh formalisms is emphasized. The article concludes with a formal statement of interfacial fracture mechanics for anisotropic solids.

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